In “don’t be a tourist” “Featured” “have you met” on November 27, 2012 at 1:21 pm Today I learned there’s a skateboarding school in Afghanistan where 40% of its students are female. In a part of the world where little girls are … Continue reading
Physically active children generally report happier moods and fewer symptoms of depression than children who are less active. Now researchers may have found a reason: by one measure, exercise seems to help children cope with stress.
Finnish researchers had 258 children wear accelerometers on their wrists for at least four days that registered the quality and quantity of their physical activity. Their parents used cotton swabs to take saliva samples at various times throughout a single day, which the researchers used to assess levels of cortisol, a hormone typically induced by physical or mental stress.
There was no difference in the cortisol levels at home between children who were active and those who were less active. But when the researchers gave the children a standard psychosocial stress test at a clinic involving arithmetic and storytelling challenges, they found that those who had not engaged in physical activity had raised cortisol levels. The children who had moderate or vigorous physical activity showed relatively no rise in cortisol levels.
Those results indicate a more positive physiological response to stress by children who were more active, the researchers said in a study that was published this week in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. The children who were least active had the highest levels.
“This study shows that children who are more active throughout their day have a better hormonal response to an acute stressful situation,” said Disa Hatfield, an assistant professor of kinesiology at the University of Rhode Island, who was not involved in the study.
Dr. Hatfield noted that the study did not control for sugar intake, which has also been associated with higher levels of cortisol. And as the researchers themselves noted, the wrist-born accelerometers could not accurately measure certain activities like bicycling or swimming.
Michael F. Bergeron, a professor of pediatrics at the University of South Dakota and executive director of the National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute, cautioned that chronic levels of cortisol might be a better measurement of a child’s propensity toward stress, rather than the single-day measurements taken in the new study.
“A single response to a single stressor may be what the body needs to do, and that’s not necessarily a bad thing,” he said.
Although elementary schools in the last decade have generally been supportive of physical education, only 29 percent of high school students meet the national guideline of 60 minutes a day, said Russell R. Pate, a professor of exercise science at the University of South Carolina, who has worked on national studies of fitness levels in students.
“It’s not a huge surprise that kids who are encouraged to be more active would be more relaxed,” he said.
In a school, a child who gets more activity on a daily basis, Dr. Hatfield said, will respond better to everyday stressors like tests and social challenges. “The study suggests the physiological reason: it may be because their hormonal response is different,” she said.
Why Ex-Athletes Are More Successful
In a new study at Washington University in St. Louis, researchers found that playing team sports was a greater predictor of success in a residency program for doctors-in-training than test scores or a good interview.
Different people with different roles must work together in order for an office–no matter the size–to succeed, says Steve Edwards, Ph.D., a sports psychologist at Oklahoma State University. It’s the same lesson you learned in your high school huddle: Make the right passes for the point. Or, even more broadly, you can’t score unless someone passes to you, Edwards adds.
Individual sports require a certain self-examination that can be difficult, says Edwards. (Think: beating yourself up for every last mistake.) But in team sports, you learn to assess people’s strengths and weaknesses in addition to your own, he says. The same is important in a work scenario. Building the best possible team starts with being able to figure out who’s good at what (writing, analyzing, or speaking in public).
“The kind of people who are successful in team sports are generally the people who have great determination, and are able to concentrate and learn from mistakes,” Edwards says. Here’s the thing: You may not realize it, but a high school playoff run that ended all too fast showed you how to push through the ups and downs of working with others. (Yes, your kicker missed the game-winning field goal, but you’ve got to move forward). Being able to handle setbacks that are out of your control while completing a tough task is a skill you can hone in your pickup league.
Preventing Sports Concussions Among Children
The New York Times
By ROBERT C. CANTU
Published: October 6, 2012
This fall, about three million children younger than 14 are playing organized tackle football in the United States. Is that a good thing?
For many parents and coaches, that means three million children are getting some pretty serious exercise, hanging out with old friends and making new ones, and unplugging from technology, for a few hours at least.
I see those positives. Yet if it were my call, those millions would be playing touch football instead. Many would be learning the fundamentals of tackling and other football skills. But they would not be playing tackle football until they turned 14.
The reason is simple. Tackle football is too dangerous for youngsters. Exposure to head trauma is too risky. What we know about football and the vulnerabilities of children’s brains leads me to this conclusion. More worrisome is what we don’t know. How will the hits absorbed by a 9-year-old today be felt at 30, or 50?
I’ve been treating young athletes for concussions and other head trauma for four decades. In an average year, I’ll meet with patients to discuss their concussion symptoms 1,500 times or more. I’ve treated children for concussions in any sport you can name, and a few you wouldn’t think of. I’ve seen pole-vaulters, BMX riders and tennis players. Not that long ago, I treated a young man injured playing Ultimate Frisbee.
I’m not in favor of abolishing any sport for children, football included. Sports have too much to offer young people. There is nothing like being part of a Little League team or competing as a swimmer, tennis player or golfer to promote perseverance, sportsmanship, fair play, to keep fighting until the last point in the match or the last out. These are traits that carry us through life’s challenges.
In light of what we now know about concussions and the brains of children, though, many sports should be fine-tuned. But many parents and coaches are satisfied with the rules as they are. They like seeing youngsters in helmets and pads, and watching them slide headfirst into second base. The closer the peewee games resemble those of the professionals, the happier we are. It’s natural for a parent or a coach. Even a neurosurgeon.
But children are not adults. Their bodies are still maturing. Their vulnerabilities to head trauma are far greater.
A child’s brain and head are disproportionately large for the rest of the body, especially through the first five to eight years of life. And a child’s weak neck cannot brace for a hit the way an adult’s can. (Think of a bobblehead doll.) A child’s cranium at 4 is about 90 percent the size an adult’s. That’s important to a discussion of concussions and concussion risk.
We cannot eliminate head trauma from youth sports. What we can change is our mind-set so protecting the head and the brain is always a top consideration.
The guiding principle should be that no head trauma is good head trauma. Let’s re-examine youth sports and take steps to keep young athletes safe. I would like to see these changes written into the rules across the country.
SOCCER Many parents and coaches are surprised to learn that soccer is not among the safer sports for head trauma. It is actually one of the riskiest. In 2010, more high school soccer players sustained concussions than did athletes in basketball, baseball, wrestling and softball combined, according to the Center for Injury Research and Policy in Columbus, Ohio.
Most of that risk comes from one play: heading the ball. When two or more leap to direct the ball with their heads, a number of collisions can occur with heads, shoulders and elbows. From a neurological standpoint, nearly all are bad. About 90 percent of the patients I see with soccer head trauma and concussion are related to heading accidents.
It’s an easy call for me: take heading out of soccer until the players are 14.
ICE HOCKEY The progressive leadership of USA Hockey and Hockey Canada have done most of the heavy lifting in this sport. Hockey Canada outlawed checking to the head throughout amateur hockey. In 2011, USA Hockey approved a ban on body checking before the age of 13. I would extend the ban on body checking to 14. (The previous rule permitted body checking for players as young as 11.)
BASEBALL AND SOFTBALL Batting helmets are mandatory at every level of baseball, yet it’s surprising how little we do to ensure that they stay on. Some youth leagues around the country have mandated chin straps for years. All youth and high school leagues should require them.
In addition, headfirst slides should be eliminated. When a child’s head plows into an ankle or a shin, the leg always wins. Worse are home-plate collisions in which the head of the base runner can crash into the catcher’s hard shinguards.
FIELD HOCKEY AND GIRLS’ LACROSSE
I have heard that girls would be emboldened to play more aggressively if helmets were required in these sports, and that the net effect would be more injuries, not fewer. I say hold officials accountable for enforcing the rules, and that will not happen.
In lacrosse, some officials now favor something like a bike helmet to protect the top of the head. That is not good enough. When helmets that cover the entire head are required, fewer young women will sustain concussions.
Field hockey rules state that players should not raise their sticks above the knee. But that rule is broken in every game, often resulting in concussions, eye injuries, cuts, broken noses and more. Helmets are needed, although they do not have to be as robust as football helmets.
]I would expect resistance to these recommendations from parents of the 16,000 players in Pop Warner football’s tackle division for 5- to 7-year-olds, for example. But let’s begin the debate.
Robert C. Cantu, a clinical professor in the department of neurosurgery and a co-director of the Center for the Study of Traumatic Encephalopathy at the Boston University School of Medicine, is a co-author with Mark Hyman of the new book “Concussions and Our Kids.”
September 14, 2012,
For Young Athletes, Good Reasons to Break the Fast-Food HabitBy SINDYA N. BHANOO
When I ran high school cross-country 14 years ago, the bus that took us to meets always stopped at a Wendy’s or McDonald’s after the event. Most of the team would order some variation of burgers, fries and a big soda. It was fast, easy and satisfying.
Things haven’t changed much for young athletes, according to a recent study in The Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.
Toben Nelson, an epidemiologist at the University of Minnesota, and his colleagues interviewed 60 parents of youth athletes, ages 6 to 13, in Minneapolis and its suburbs. They found that parents brought post-game snacks for the team that typically included such items as candy, ice cream, doughnuts, pizza, cheese puffs, chips, even something called ‘‘taco in a bag.” They also said that stopping at fast-food restaurants like McDonald’s and Dairy Queen or grabbing a hot dog and a sugary sports drink at the concession stand during a meet was the norm.
‘‘Generally, it’s not what you would consider healthy,” one parent told the researchers. “It’s more of the things that the kids want to eat.”
For growing adolescents, a big meal after a tough game or race is necessary to replenish the body, said Marion Nestle, a professor of nutrition and public health at New York University. And since they burn a lot of calories, they also need a fair amount of fat and protein.
“They are hungry,” Dr. Nestle said. “Especially if they are adolescent boys, they need phenomenal numbers of calories.” Serious athletes, she said, are burning so much fat and so many calories that they will not gain weight from eating a couple of burgers a week. “Sure, it would be better if they ate healthier, but we have to be realistic,” she said. “Fast food isn’t poison; it just isn’t daily fare.”
An active teenage boy requires about 3,000 calories a day, and an active teenage girl about 2,400 calories. Younger children, like those in Dr. Nelson’s study, require anywhere from 600 to 1,000 calories a day less.
Problems can arise, though, when young athletes are taking in more calories than they are burning. Studies show that more than one in four youth sport participants are overweight, and half of youths who are obese say they participate in a sport.
Very young athletes may be particularly prone to excess intake. “They’re not yet exercising as much, and they’re not growing as much,” Dr. Nestle said. “They don’t need to be eating every two hours.”
And other research has shown that players spend quite a bit of time sitting on the bench during practices and games.
“The premise of sports is not about health” and getting a good workout, said Jim Sallis, a professor of family and preventive medicine at the University of California, San Diego. “The premise of sports is about beating your opponent.”
Part of the tradition in American sports is also to celebrate with food, Dr. Sallis added.
Instead of the standard ice cream and pizza, he suggested some alternatives for snacks after games or workouts. “Maybe go to a grocery store, and everybody gets a couple pieces of fruit,” he said. “There are other ways to do it. Parents could take turns making something for the kids, or help the coach find healthy eating options.”
Alicia Kendig, a sports dietitian for the United States Olympic Committee who works with swimmers, figure skaters and other athletes, called fruits “nature’s perfectly sized snack” and said the most important thing was to eat natural, unprocessed foods and unsaturated fats that come from foods like avocados and almonds.
“Sports nutrition is now a competitive advantage,” she said. “If you’re eating correctly and you’re ingesting the correct nutrients, there are clear performance benefits.” Whole foods take longer to digest and keep the body full longer, she added.
In a report published last year, Sonia Kim, an epidemiologist at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, found that one in four teenagers ate fruit less than once a day, and one in three ate vegetables less than once a day.
Teenage girls should eat at least one and a half cups of fruit and two and a half cups of vegetables each day, she said, and boys should eat two cups of fruit and three cups of vegetables daily. A cup is equal to about one medium apple, a dozen baby carrots or a large tomato.
“Fruits and vegetables are important for everyone, but especially for athletes,” Dr. Kim said.
An athletic 15-year-old boy needs about two and a half cups of fruit and four cups of vegetables a day. An athletic girl of the same age needs two cups of fruits and three cups of vegetables daily.
Dr. Kim encouraged parents to pack healthy meals for their children so they can avoid fast food, and to leave fruit out and readily available in the kitchen. Schools and sports teams should also provide and encourage healthier options, she said, including whole grains and nuts and other healthy protein sources, like lean meats and seafood.
For parents, the time and investment in setting a good example is worthwhile, so their young children mature into healthy, fit adults. “It will have a lifelong effect,” Dr. Kim said. “Habits formed early on track to younger adolescence and into at least young adulthood.”
An Olympic Weightlifter on Football, Breaking Windows and the Perfect Lift
- By Jeff Beckham
- August 3, 2012
Holley Mangold successfully completes a 145-kilogram clean and jerk on her first attempt during the 2012 U.S. Olympic Team Trials for Women’s Weightlifting on March 4, 2012 in Columbus, Ohio. Photo: Jamie Sabau/Getty Images
People have called Holley Mangold “Big Girl” most of her life. She heard it growing up playing football against boys, it’s what everyone called her when she starred in an episode of MTV’s True Life and it’s how people think of her now that she’s an Olympic weightlifter in the superheavyweight division.
Mangold’s totally OK with that. In fact, she embraces it. She’s 5-foot-8 and weighs 350 pounds and she doesn’t care what you think about it. But then, she’s never been especially concerned with what others thought, and it’s served her well through an athletic career that’s been as impressive as it is unusual.
Mangold, the younger sister of New York Jets All-Pro center Nick Mangold, started playing football when she was 8. She was on the offensive line at Archbishop Alter High School and the first girl who wasn’t a kicker to play high school football in Ohio. She started powerlifting at about the same time and won the junior nationals at age 18. Her path to the Games was set then, but the 22-year-old wasn’t expected to make it until 2016. Instead, she sealed her spot in London with a surprise second-place finish at the Olympic Trials with a combined total of 255 kilograms. That’s 562.2 pounds, for the metrically challenged.
Wired chatted with Mangold about her about challenging stereotypes, surpassing expectations and chasing the feeling that comes with the perfect lift.
Wired: How did you get into weightlifting?
Mangold: I was playing football and one day in the weight room my coach was like, “Well, you’re pretty strong for a female.” I’m pretty sure he meant it as an insult, but I took it as a compliment. I decided to go into powerlifting. I got some national records there, and then moved on to Olympic weightlifting. I just fell in love with it.
Wired: Did you and Nick ever play together?
Mangold: Oh no, I’m sure I would have killed him, so he wouldn’t want to play against me.
Wired: Do you miss football at all?
Mangold: I miss the contact, you know. I really do. I love contact sports. I love when you get to beat someone out. [laughs] Here you’ve just got to lift more than them. But I have a lot more passion for weightlifting.
Wired: What stokes your passion?
Mangold: It’s so technical. It looks so effortless when you do it right, and when you do it wrong it looks like it’s really, really heavy. There’s this thing called weightlessness. When you get a good lift the bar is literally weightless. It’s off your body and you don’t feel it until it’s over your head. You get that with maybe one in 100 lifts, but when you get it you’ll chase it for the rest of your life.
Wired: How do people look at women weightlifters?
Mangold: I think a lot of people think they all look like me. There’s a lot of small weightlifters, 48 kilo class. People forget about that. I feel women weightlifters kind of try too hard and are too feminine just to show they’re still feminine. I don’t do that. I try to have a nice balance. But I haven’t had any problems. People don’t really say anything to your face because they’re a little intimidated that you can out-lift them.
Wired: I hear you were kicked out of the gym in college for breaking windows….
Mangold: Oh yes, I did. It was a second-story weight room. It wasn’t really built for Olympic weightlifting. In weightlifting you drop the weights, and because it was an all-girls college they weren’t really expecting girls to do Olympic weightlifting. I dropped the weights and it broke all the windows. It wasn’t even that much, like 200 pounds. I wasn’t allowed to lift there anymore, needless to say.
Wired: The training regimen for weightlifting seems obvious. But how much time is spent training each week?
Mangold: I train about three hours each practice. I have two practices Monday, Wednesday, Friday, one on Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday. And I have Sunday off. It’s about 27 hours a week.
Wired: What do you do to stay focused before you compete?
Mangold: Before I go in I usually wrap a towel around my head and try to get in the zone, focus and block everything else out. I don’t pay attention to who’s lifting, what they lifted, if they missed, if they didn’t. I just focus on me and what’s happening. It’s very important to visualize yourself making the lifts, visualize yourself doing thing correctly.
Wired: There’s a certain amount of grace involved in weightlifting.
Mangold: A lot of people think we just pick things up and put them back down. But if you’re a quarter of an inch off your path at the bottom, it’s going to be five inches behind you at the top. It’s very technical in the fact that you’ve got to be precise in your movements. I always say weightlifting is like controlled explosion. You must control the bar completely all the way through the lift, through an explosion of power. It’s hard to grasp the technical things you have to do but there’s a million of them. But you’ve got to make sure you’re not thinking of a million things, because then you’re not even going to lift it.
Wired: Is the technical proficiency one reason weightlifters often are older than many Olympians?
Mangold: Yeah. They say it takes five years to see if you’re going to be any good in weightlifting and 10 years to see if you’re going to be great. I’ve been doing it for about three and a half, so I don’t know if I’m good yet. [laughs] I feel I’m just scratching at the surface of what I can do.
Wired: You’re ahead of schedule, actually.
Mangold: You know, the 2012 Olympics means so much to me because everyone thought I was going in 2016. I was kind of like the underdog that just came through. This was an unexpected thing, everybody was projecting me for 2016, so now I’ve got to show that I deserve going to 2012. It means a lot of work.
Wired: What would you tell girls who may want to get into weightlifting?
Mangold: You’re not going to end up like me. You’re not going to be huge. A lot of girls don’t go into weightlifting because they think it’s going to make them like bulky and huge. You gotta be born this big. You’re not going to reach my size just because you start weightlifting. That said, do what you want to do and have fun doing it. If you love it, continue doing it and do not worry about what other people say.
Wired: Your confidence and attitude are inspiring.
Mangold: I love my body. I think it’s perfect. I don’t know what my personality would be like if I wasn’t so huge. And I think it’s a great thing for me. I’ll never be skinny and I’m perfectly okay with that. As soon as I retire I will be doing cross-fit and I’m sure I’ll go crazy with health stuff. But right now I’m kind of enjoying being a super heavyweight. I kind of like it.
Grand Rapids, Michigan (CNN) — You know the kind of dad who registers his son for soccer almost as soon as he takes his first step?
That was me.
You know that dad who yells so much on the sideline that he leaves the game a little hoarse?
Yeah, that was me too.
You know the dad who cheers when his kid brings home an A?
Well me neither … until I became that dad a few years ago.
I used to beam with pride watching my son rack up the trophies as he bounced from soccer to hockey to tae kwon do. Over the past couple of years, track has been his focus, as he crushed several school records during citywide meets.
What can I say? My kid’s a stud.
But one thing I’ve noticed over the years is that while everyone from his coaches to other parents and even family members are quick to point out his potential to earn a college scholarship, they do so with all of the emphasis on his athletic prowess.
No one — and I mean, no one — ever brings up his grades, a shame considering he has a 3.86 in an international baccalaureate program, studies Chinese, currently is in debate camp and has wanted to go to Stanford since the fifth grade.
Cornell’s his back up plan.
In short, as good as he is in sports, I’m not raising him with the hopes of him being a jock. I’m raising him to be a nerd.
And I couldn’t be happier.
And by happier, I don’t mean the lukewarm “well, at least he’s not selling drugs” kind, but the same genuine thrill I used to reserve only for the trophy ceremony at the end of tournaments.
Jocks go on to play for your favorite team but nerds go on to own the teams for which those jocks play.
I know it’s hard to find a job in this economy.
But I also know that at the beginning of the year, Google gave its employees a $1,000 bonus and a 10% raise because it kept losing its brightest employees to competitors, so somebody’s hiring.
And it looks as if they’re hiring nerds.
I was shocked during the GOP debate earlier this month that in two hours no candidate brought up education. They all talked about job creation and innovation but not education, as if they were not connected.
We know because of our culture’s negative attitude toward nerds, our kids are discouraged from being bookish from an early age. We also know that there is a high drop out rate for college students in nerdy subjects such as science and math, which in turn affects how the country competes globally in fields such as medicine and engineering. So to me, there can be no innovation and job creation talks without talking about education.
At times, my son gets concerned that his bookish qualities may interfere with his social life. I just remind him that in the heart of hard economic times, 33 of 50 states increased the amount spent on prisons while decreasing dollars spent on K-12 and higher education. So while he’s worrying about being cool, the job market is getting smaller and more competitive and our government is preparing to send more people to jail.
But again, it starts with me.
I finally figured out that if I wanted my son to really embrace education, I had to take the lead. Not by downplaying his accomplishments on the field but by elevating the importance of his work in the classroom. So I smile in the doorway when I walk into a room to see him reading for fun the same way I smile when I look out into the backyard to see him working on his dribbling.
It sounds a bit odd, I will admit, but if exuberant positive reinforcement is acceptable for tossing a ball in a hoop, why is it out of place to be just as excited for our kids getting good grades?
Being good students. Being, dare I say, a nerd?
American kids my son’s age rank 14th in reading, 17th in science and 25th in math and it’s not because of bad teachers and a broken public school system.
OK, it’s not just because of those things.
We also don’t believe in the value of education, culturally — we just like to say we do because as citizens of an industrialized nation, we’re supposed to. But we can tell our children that school is important until we’re blue in the face, they’re not stupid.
They see the loudest applause is for the kids on the field. They know teachers are paid poorly and don’t drive fancy cars. They know people plan Super Bowl parties but mock the National Spelling Bee.
In other words, they see the hypocrisy, and we can’t expect society to correct itself.
If we want to have any lasting influence on the way our kids approach education — the way future generations approach education — then we have to grab our pom-poms and paint our faces and celebrate intellectual curiosity with the same vigor we do their athletic achievements.
The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of LZ Granderson.